A new bibliometric study has found that authors can be roughly grouped into three categories: lead scientists who are already prominent in their fields, successors who are early career scientists, and toilers, which are those who do a lot of the dirty work but aren't going anywhere.
When looking at the citation data for mathematicians, psychologists and physicists, the authors identified three broad clusters that are “loosely based” on how the citations per year changes over time. Leaders tend to be experienced scientists who are widely recognized in their fields, which results in an annual citation increase. The successors tend to be early-career scientists who have had a surge in their citations in recent years. Toilers, meanwhile, may have a high citation count, but this stays mostly constant and may even drop slightly.
Not sure of the significance of this study, but hey, it's another criteria to classify people!