Thursday, July 05, 2018

Einstein Is Right Again!

... or rather, General Relativity passed another test.

This is on the heels of the first ever verification of GR at the galactic scale. This time it is a test of GR's strong equivalence principle involving a neutron star and two white dwarfs (no, not the kind from that Snow White movie).[1]

Archibald and colleagues’ study breaks new ground because the gravitational energy inside a neutron star can account for as much as 20% of the body’s mass. The authors’ results therefore imply that the accelerations of gravitational energy and matter differ by no more than a few parts per 105 — a tenfold improvement over the bound from lunar laser ranging.

More importantly, the authors have provided what is known as a strong-field test of general relativity. Unlike the Solar System, for which Einstein’s theory predicts only small deviations from Newton’s theory of gravity, the motion of a neutron star in a gravitational field invokes full general relativity in all its complex glory. Einstein’s theory passes this strong-field test with flying colours.

The more they test it, the more convincing it becomes.


[1] A.M. Archibald et al., Nature, 559p73 (2018).

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